in New Mexico - 2023
Senate Bill 69: E-BIKE DEFINITION
MEETING NEW MEXICO’S NEEDS for
SAFE, HEALTHY & REWARDING BIKING on ELECTRIC BIKES (E-BIKES)
Regulate e-bikes in New Mexico consistent with federal and 40 other states who've adopted the 3-Class e-Bike Framework.
KEY FACTS ABOUT ELECTRIC BIKES (E-BIKES) - 2023
Classified e-bikes with maximum speeds are safest riding on bike paths.
Class 1 & 2 e-bikes are engineered to not exceed 20mph – within the range of typical intermediate and advanced cyclists on traditional bikes. Therefore, riders with Class-1 & Class-2 e-bikes should be afforded the same rights and safety protections as traditional cyclists on bike paths, E-bikes providing a boost up to 60mph should not.
When more people ride bikes (electric and traditional), bicycling grows safer for everyone.
Studies show that increased number of all bikes on city streets increases the overall safety of all cyclists, pedestrians and motorists by virtue of the “Safety-in-Numbers” effect (countering concerns that an increase of people on e-bikes would produce more crashes.) Most classified e-bikes are engineered to not exceed 20mph. Traditional cyclists average 10-25mph.
Federal and 40 states now regulate class 1 & 2 e-bikes as bicycles – not as motor vehicles.
The Federal Department of Interior (including National Parks and US Forests) and 40 states, including all of New Mexico’s neighboring states, have adopted the 3-Class eBike Framework legislation that classifies most e-bikes as a bicycle.
E-bike riders experience greater health, environmental and economic benefits than drivers and even traditional bike riders.
E-biking has multiple public health, environmental and economic benefits. E-bikers can efficiently travel farther than traditional cyclists, while decreasing greenhouse gas emissions and traffic congestion. Studies show e-bike owners ride farther, longer and more frequently than traditional bike owners – for fun, fitness and everyday transportation.
Ten states have either passed or are working on legislation to incentivize ebike purchases.
These pieces of legislation do and will continue to make it easier for more people from all socio-economic levels to replace some or all their car trips for e-bike trips, significantly cutting their carbon output. Incentivizing the use of e-bikes to replace car trips through a consumer tax credit or rebate encourages Americans to transition to greener modes of transportation.
Use of e-bikes is booming across the U.S.
Aligning ebike regulation with federal and 47 other states would draw more riders to New Mexico parks and cities. More than 130 million e-bikes are expected to be sold between 2020 and 2023 – generating about $20 billion in revenue.
Increased number of bikes on roads enables local jurisdictions to fund new bike infrastructure projects, thus creating greater safety for all.
New Mexico falls in the highest 10% of bicycle fatalities in US. At the same time, year after year, ABQ’s Annual Bike-to-Work Day Survey shows all age groups report their #1 difficulty to ride more is “It feels unsafe riding around.” With increased e-bike use for transportation in New Mexico, local jurisdictions are better positioned and incentivized to seek additional funds from national initiatives such VisionZero, Complete Streets and others aimed at increased safety, carbon reduction and public health.
E-BIKE DEFINITION ISSUES IN NEW MEXICO
Currently, the State of New Mexico has no laws governing e-bikes.
In 80% of US states, including all our neighboring states, e-bikes are safely regulated by speed, source of motor power (pedal-assist and/or throttle), age of e-bike operator, and riding infrastructure (trails, paths, streets, roads, highways.)
A 2017 New Mexico Motor Vehicle Department Code considers ALL motorized bicycles – including those being powered up to 60mph – as a bicycle. As such, unclassified motorized bicycles (by battery or gas) may legally ride on all New Mexico bike trails, multi-use paths and other protected areas alongside traditional cyclists, pedestrians, and other e-biker riding under 20mph.
This is grossly unsafe for everyone.
Local jurisdictions are unsure and/or unable to inform, regulate or enforce their ever-increasing use. E-bikes are built more similarly to standard bikes than mopeds or motorcycles, with class 1&2 e-bikes reaching top speeds of 20mph, similar to the average road cyclist.
Opposing regulations across state and federal lands cause confusion.
The federal government and all neighboring states have adopted the 3-class e-bike system, however New Mexico has not -- thus creating confusion for tourists and locals alike.
STATE REGULATION BY 3-CLASS E-BIKE SYSTEM
The PeopleForBikes 3-Class eBike System has already been adopted by 47 states, including all of our neighboring states, National Parks & US Forest Lands, per the Department of Interior’s Order 3376:
Class 1: Max 20mph • Pedal Assist Only
Bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling, and that ceases to provide assistance when the e-bike reaches 20mph.
Class 2: Max 20mph • Pedal Assist & Throttle
Bicycle equipped with a throttle-actuated motor, that ceases to provide assistance when the
e-bike reaches 20mph
Class 3: Max 28mph • Pedal Assist Only • Must be 16yrs or older to operate.
Bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling, and that ceases to provide assistance when the e-bike reaches 28mph.
Senate Bill - 343: E-BIKE REBATES
PROVIDING $1200 INSTANT REBATES for
NEW MEXICO'S LOW-INCOME RESIDENTS
Providing affordable transportation, reducing GHG emissions & improving health benefit.
See Legislative Propsoal for
Senate Bill - 343
PLEASE SUPPORT EBIKE SAFETY & REBATES
IN NEW MEXICO!
Hi, I'm Susan Gautsch - Owner/CEO of Free-to-Roam eBiking.
In 2020-2021, I started working with NM State Senator Sedillo Lopez who introduced legislation to define most eBikes as a bike rather than a motor-vehicle. While this bill was introduced, it never made it to a hearing.
BUT IT IS BACK NOW AS SB-69!
In 2022, I started working with NM State Senator Jeff Steinborn who recognized how e-bikes could provide tremendously affordable transportation for New Mexico's
low-income residents – not to mention the tremendous health and carbon-reduction benefits as well.
Please join us to make 2023 the Year of the eBike
in New Mexico!
PUBLIC BENEFITS OF ENCOURAGING SAFE E-BIKING:
Public Health & Wellness -- physical exercise, mental & psycho-emotional health and greater sense of community
Environmental Sustainability -- zero carbon emissions, less cars on road & congestion
Economic Development - attract visitors explore vast and hard-to-reach areas of state
Community Engagement -- enable more cyclists of all ages and abilities -- even with socially distancing
Community Development -- commuters via bike are more likely to shop & support local
INDIVIDUAL BENEFITS OF ENCOURAGING SAFE E-BIKING:
Personal Health -- same health benefits as cycling, farther riding, even more fun
Lifestyle Change -- breaks sedentary lifestyle, encourages more exercise in other aspects of life
Mental Health -- decreased stress and anxiety, better sleep, boosted creativity
Affordable -- cheaper than owning a car, little maintenance & no continued expenditures.
Sustainable -- reducing carbon footprint and promoting a personal sustainable lifestyle
Accessible -- possible for older, injured, or mobility impaired people – even for long distances and up hills
Freeing -- naturally enables community with social distancing, longer & farther trips and outdoor fun.
Commuting -- easier to ride uphill, in wind and professional clothes without breaking a sweat like on a traditional bike
STAY INFORMED • SUPPORT SAFE E-BIKE RIDING IN NEW MEXICO
SB-369 was introduced in 2021 to the 55th State of New Mexico legislature - State of New Mexico
Introduced by Senator Antoinette Sedillo Lopez. While this bill never made it to the floor during Covid,
we're optimistic this new bill (to be introduced in 2023)